There are 2 types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Both types of diabetes affect the body’s ability to convert digested food into energy.
Type 1 is identified in childhood and is a genetic autoimmune disorder in which the body does not produce insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1. It normally occurs in older people, but an increasing number of younger people are being diagnosed with the disease. Type 2 diabetes is a preventative disease. It occurs when cells of the pancreas are no longer able to produce insulin to break down glucose.
Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes can include dietary factors, lack of exercise, and elevated cholesterol levels. Symptoms indicating type 2 diabetes are increased thirst, increased urination, and weight loss.
If you are coming for a blood test, it is advised that you arrive well-hydrated.During the test
The diabetes screening is a simple blood test. A needle is inserted into a vein, usually on the inner arm near the elbow, and a small amount of blood is drawn. You may feel a pricking or scratching sensation.
The test price includes only taking your blood and sending the results by email. If you would one of our doctors to interpret your results, a consultation fee is applicable. We strongly recommend the consultation before any testing, which allows you to discuss the most appropriate possibilities.
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes involve the body’s relationship with insulin, the hormone responsible for signaling the body’s metabolism of glucose.
In type 1, insulin is not produced at all. In type 2, the body does not respond properly to the release of insulin.
HbA1c is glycated haemoglobin, a long-term marker of blood sugar levels. It is a protein that develops in the blood when red blood cells join with glucose in the blood. People with diabetes will have higher levels of HbA1c depending on their risk of developing complications from the condition.
For those with type 1 diabetes, lowering HbA1c can reduce the risk of microvascular complications such as diabetic retinopathy, diabetic neuropathy, and diabetic nephropathy. For people with type 2 diabetes, even a slight reduction in HbA1C reduces the risk of cataracts, heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease.