There are 2 types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2, and both affect the body’s ability to convert digested food into energy.
Type 1 is identified in childhood and is a genetic autoimmune disorder whereby insulin is not produced.
Type 2 diabetes is more common in the population than type 1. It normally occurs in older people but now younger people are being more frequently diagnosed with the disease. Type 2 diabetes occurs when cells of the pancreas are no longer able to produce insulin to break down glucose.
Risk factors for this disease can include obesity, lack of exercise and elevated cholesterol levels. Symptoms indicating of type 2 diabetes are increased thirst, increased urination, and weight loss.
If you are coming for a blood test, it is advised that you arrive well-hydrated.During the test
The doctor will explain which tests are necessary. For women, a simple blood test will be taken. For men, a sperm analysis and chlamydia test may be necessary.
The test price includes only taking your blood and sending the results by email. If you would like to have the interpretation of the results by one of our doctors, a consultation fee is applicable. We strongly recommend the consultation before any testing to discuss the most appropriate possibilities.
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes involve the body’s relationship with insulin, the hormone responsible for signaling the body’s metabolism of glucose.
In type 1, insulin is not produced at all. In type 2, the body does not respond properly to the release of insulin.
HbA1c is glycated haemoglobin, a long-term marker of blood sugar levels. It is a protein that develops in the blood when red blood cells join with glucose in the blood. People with diabetes will have higher levels of HbA1c depending on their risk of developing complications from the condition.
For those with type 1 diabetes, lowering HbA1c can reduce the risk of microvascular complications such as diabetic retinopathy, diabetic neuropathy, and diabetic nephropathy. For people with type 2 diabetes, even a slight reduction in HbA1C reduces the risk of cataracts, heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease.