The most common symptom of this disease is a painless lump or swelling in either testicle. Other possible symptoms include a heavy feeling in the scrotum, sudden accumulation of fluid in the scrotum, a dull ache in the groin or abdomen, pain or discomfort in the testicles or scrotum, and back pain.
- A lump or enlargement in either testicle
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
- A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
- Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
- Back pain
The causes of testicular cancer are not well understood. Cancer develops when healthy cells begin to show abnormalities, which multiply and form a mass. Some risk factors for the development of testicular cancer are cryptorchidism (having an undescended testicle), family history of testicular cancer, age (it affects younger men), and race (white men are at higher risk).
What to do next
It is recommended that you consult with a doctor if you notice any abnormalities, lumps, or swellings on or in your testicles. Most testicular lumps are benign (non-cancerous), but it is safer to diagnose and catch any unusual conditions as early as possible. The methods for diagnosing testicular cancer are biopsy and blood test. Please make an appointment to see us as soon as you notice anything unusual. You can give us a call or book online.
Testicular cancer can develop at any age, with roughly half of all cases found in men between the ages of 20 and 34. It is one of the least common cancers, and carries a very low risk of loss of life. It is usually caught easily and can be easily treated.
A painless lump in the testicle is the most common symptom of testicular cancer. In some cases the testicle may just become swollen or enlarged, with no lump. In most cases, testicular cancer does not cause pain.
Depending on how advanced the cancer is and how early it is detected, radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be enough to treat testicular cancer. If surgery is necessary, this may include orchiectomy, in which the testicle is removed, or retroperitoneal lymph node dissection, in which abdominal lymph nodes are removed.