Testicular Cancer






30 mins

Female doctor and male testicular cancer patient discuss test results.
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Risk factors & signs of testicular cancer

Testicular cancer affects young men between 20 to 55 years of age, with half of the cases occurring between the ages of 20 and 34. It is one of the rarer forms of cancer and is easily treated.

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Survive testicular cancer for 10 or more years
0 %
men are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year in the UK
UK males will be diagnosed with testicular cancer in their lifetime
0 In 220
Of Men Over 50 Develop An Enlarged Prostate
0 %

symptoms of the Testicular Cancer

The most common symptom of this disease is a painless lump or swelling in either testicle. Other possible symptoms include a heavy feeling in the scrotum, sudden accumulation of fluid in the scrotum, a dull ache in the groin or abdomen, pain or discomfort in the testicles or scrotum, and back pain.

  • A lump or enlargement in either testicle
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
  • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
  • Back pain

What Causes Testicular Cancer

The causes of testicular cancer are not well understood. Cancer develops when healthy cells begin to show abnormalities, which multiply and form a mass. Some risk factors for the development of testicular cancer are:

  • cryptorchidism (having an undescended testicle),
  • family history of testicular cancer,
  • age (it affects younger men),
  • and race (white men are at higher risk).
Serious doctor with arms crossed

What to do next

You should consult with a doctor if you notice any abnormalities, lumps, or swellings on or in your testicles. Most testicular lumps are benign (non-cancerous), but it is safer to diagnose and catch any unusual conditions as early as possible.

The methods for diagnosing testicular cancer are biopsy and blood tests. Please make an appointment to see us as soon as you notice anything unusual. You can give us a call or book online.

How To Book A Private Doctor Appointment?

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Use our online booking engine or book your test by giving us a call.

Choose your test type

On the online booking engine select the “appointment type” you need.

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You will be seen by one of our friendly doctors or trained clinicians.

The Procedure

preparing for appointment


  • Expect a physical exam, including an examination of the testicles and groin area.
  • Prepare questions about any symptoms or changes you’ve noticed in the testicles.
  • You might find it helpful to have a supportive person accompany you for emotional support or to take notes during the appointment.

post appointment


The timing for receiving testicular cancer test results can vary based on several factors, such as physical examination, imaging tests, blood tests and consultation.

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At what age is testicular cancer most common?
Testicular cancer can develop at any age, with roughly half of all cases found in men between the ages of 20 and 34. It is one of the least common cancers, and carries a very low risk of loss of life. It is usually caught easily and can be easily treated.
What is the most common symptom of testicular cancer?
A painless lump in the testicle is the most common symptom of testicular cancer. In some cases the testicle may just become swollen or enlarged, with no lump. In most cases, testicular cancer does not cause pain.
How is testicular cancer treated?
Depending on how advanced the cancer is and how early it is detected, radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be enough to treat testicular cancer. If surgery is necessary, this may include orchiectomy, in which the testicle is removed, or retroperitoneal lymph node dissection, in which abdominal lymph nodes are removed.

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