An ultrasound is a type of diagnostic imaging procedure in which a probe is used to collect a moving image of a part of the body. It is a way of identifying abnormalities and diagnosing various conditions.
The probe is small device which emits high-frequency sound waves, which bounce off of the surfaces of the body, creating echoes which are collected by the probe and converted into images of the internal organs. This allows the doctor to get a visualisation of the body part being examined.
Some ultrasounds are external, and some are used for internal examination, such as of the uterus and ovaries. Transvaginal ultrasound simply means an ultrasound which is conducted through the vagina. It shows the doctor images of the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It is used as a diagnostic tool in the presence of unexplained vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, infertility, ectopic pregnancy, possible cysts or fibroids, and to check for the placement of an IUCD.
It can also be uses to diagnose conditions such as cancer, miscarriage, placenta previa, or foetal birth defects, and it can also monitor the heartbeat of the foetus. During the procedure itself, you will lie on your back or side, with your knees drawn up or back, towards your chest. The doctor inserts an ultrasound probe (less than a fingers width) a few centimetres into the vagina, which then transmits images onto a monitor.
What to do next
This process is usually not painful, and does not take long. There may be some discomfort but no anaesthetic or painkillers are needed, and you can go home and resume normal activities shortly after the scan has been completed. Call us to set up an appointment.
No. An ultrasound is taken using a small probe which emits sound waves. It is a very safe procedure.
Your doctor may recommend this diagnostic procedure if you are experiencing irregular bleeding, pelvic pain, infertility, have cysts or fibroids. It is also used to gather information about ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, or foetal birth defects.
The probe is inserted into the vagina, which can cause some mild discomfort, but it is not painful. The probe is less than the width of a finger, and the imaging can be done in just a few minutes.